How I created my dream Potager garden

To be fair it was my husband that actually created my dream Potager garden, I just planned it and gave a helping hand, like shifting 3 square metres of compost into the garden.  However I still can`t believe that I am finally starting to plant out my beautiful new Potager garden. Since moving into our home 5 years ago I have been running a large vegetable garden for the family, essentially three large garden beds. They were not ideal to work in as they were on a sloping site and at ground level. Becoming  empty nesters meant that we didn't need the as much vegetable garden, so I thought this is the perfect opportunity for me to finally get my Potager garden...OMG so excited as I've always wanted one.

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The Design

Good things do take time! It was important to me to take my time to design and plan this out properly, thinking about how I want to use the garden in the future. I shared my thinkings, design and plans for my Potager garden in a previous post which you can access here

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Designing is certainly the fun part....oh I'll put that there and have that over there ...ohh beautiful...then you have to actually work out how to make it happen and that's the hard part , the planning stage.  The thing I love and hate about planning is the reality of what you actually need to do to achieve the goal. The time and cost it will take and therefore the changes that you may need to do because of finance or design constraints!. 

The Plan

For us the planning started with me handing Pete the design and saying....hey Baby can you build this for me ...pretty please!. Bless him as he said yes, but with my help of course. So I sat down and planned out what we needed to do.  A long list evolved from that as below;

  • Plan out the new beds in the existing garden
  • Calculate the measurements needed for the wood
  • Work out the lengths, size, type and quantity of wood 
  • Purchase and pick up of the wood
  • Building of the raised garden beds - over two weekends with clear weather
  • Create and fill the two garden paths
  • Purchase and pick up compost mix for the garden beds
  • Fill the beds with the compost mix
  • Finalise the planting plan
  • Purchase of plants
  • Planting out the beds
  • Sit back and relax

We had a budget of $2000 which we had to stick to.

the build

The measurement and working out the actual foot print of the beds was not difficult, but did take a bit of "arranging" as each one of the beds had slightly different lengths and measurements. 

We purchased the wood from the local Mitre 10, cost came out at $900 all up. It was a lot of wood and it's all H4-5 as it needs to be treated for outdoors so it does not rot. Word of warning that means it's heavy!. 

The biggest challenge was getting a break in the weather. The spring in Auckland has been, well, rubbish!!!  so the actual construction took place over about 3 weekends. I recall at one stage Pete trying to skill saw between rain showers and hoping not to electrocute himself.

Once that massive job was completed we wheelbarrowed 3 cubic square meters of compost, super rich organic vege compost from our local, Central Landscape & Garden Supplies around to the actual beds. This was backbreaking and expensive ($500). I was hoping that I could fill the beds up with my home made compost but there was no way that I could make that much compost!!!!  I was pretty naive about that aspect of the job.

The key improvement for me in the new garden was to have paths in between the beds and also have a frame on the top edges. This meant that I can have much easier access to the gardens and actually sit comfortably on the edge and attend to the garden...this really helps to prevent the old "garden back pain". To avoid having more lawns to cut we used the left over white chip from the East garden landscaping job for the paths in between the beds. I have to say I am in love with these paths and it's great that they connect to the upper garden.

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The Planting

Whoop, Whoop the fun part!. I now have four lovely new garden beds.  In the true style of a  Potager garden I planned the planting to ensure that I achieved good companion planting so I could reduce the use of pest control and improve my crops. There are really good resources on companion planting, however it can be a bit overwhelming. So what I did was list out the vegtable crops that I knew we wanted to plant now and then slowly worked through the guides on what are the best companion plants for each. My main resource for this was my new book Companion Planting in New Zealand by Brenda Little.  This book really helped me to plan out each garden bed. 

The Berry Patch

Blueberries, Boysenberries and Raspberries

The Strawberry Patch

I moved all my strawberry plants from the wee garden that they were in into their very own patch. I have companion planted Borage for the bees and Sage for the berries. 

The Lettuce Bed

A mix of spinach, cos , red and green leaf lettuce and Lebanese cucumber, surrounded by marigolds. Coriander herb planted in the corner.

The Potato Patch

My all time favourite Jersey Bennies , sweet peas, beans, capsicums , and zucchini. Nasturtiums to border them.

The Corn Fields

Sweetcorn, tomatoes, carrots, spring onions with basil companioned to the tomatoes and borders of marigolds. 

To do

https://home.howstuffworks.com/staking-vegetables.htm

https://home.howstuffworks.com/staking-vegetables.htm

Poor Pete still has a couple of build jobs to do, build permanent staking for the tomatoes and berry patch, similar to the illustration.  

My to do list includes adding in more herbs into the garden, mint, parsley, rosemary and thyme. These are mainly for companion planting purposes. Herbs for cooking I grow in pots in the kitchen..that's another post for another day. Did you know that Basil is a great herb to have in the house to help keep flies away?

Developing more permanent hedging in the garden beds is longer term goal. Ideally I want to have a combination of lavender and Buxus or Mock Box. 

I am so going to enjoy this spring and summer season in my new Potager garden...I just hope that the weather improves so I can actually get out into it without being rained on.

On a closing note I came across this planting journal for $7 at our local Warehouse Stationery store and I will be trying this out to help track my plantings and growth. I have always done this in my own ratty journal but thought hey why not have a pretty one! 

Now I think Pete and I will have a wee sit down and just admire all our hard work.

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Take care my friends and enjoy your gardens

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Getting my garden ready for spring

Spring time in the garden is the best!!! Beautiful blossoms out on the trees and the scent of fresh blooms and newly cut grass...hmmm just take it all in. Spring time in my garden has to be the busiest time in the garden all year and I love it. This year spring has been somewhat wet and I am feeling very frustrated at not being able to get out into the garden. However this weekend wet or shine will have me in the garden getting the garden ready for spring and the coming summer. So let me take you through how I "spring clean" my garden!. 

Twiggy, My little helper in the garden.

Twiggy, My little helper in the garden.

 

the Lawn

Now I am no expert when it comes to lawns and I don't even mow the lawns, however I hate weeds in my lawn. Over the years I have used a few different approaches to the old lawn weed issue, nothing actually beats digging out the weed root and all, however it's very labour intensive. So I simply just spot spray the weed with a natural weed killer .  Sprinkle a bit of lime over the lawn to help balance the ph level and replenish the nutrients. A quicker and easier option is to use Weed n Feed which I have used before and works well.

It's also a good time to sew some lawn seed if you have patches to repair. We have had a bit of damage to the lawn on the west side of the house that we have landscaped, so it just needs some seeds sown around. When doing lawn patch repair try and make sure you get the same grass seed as the exisiting lawn, otherwise your lawn might look a bit patchy. A good way to do this is to take a close up photo of the grass and take it into a garden centre, they will be able to match you up with the right seed.

the edges

There is nothing like a tidy and neat lawn edge. I am a bit particular about my lawn edges and this time of year they can get away on you, so giving the lawns and garden path edges a good trim can make a big difference. It's good to do this now to prepare for the the spring and summer growth. 

I also do some trimming and light pruning of bushes and trees, mainly my roses. Here in Auckland you do not get the cold frost so the roses tend not to go dormant, so I wait until September to give them a good prune and stake them in preparation for the rapid expansion of size with the spring and summer growth.

the garden Weeds

A good old dose of Round up on paths and driveways is needed at this time of year. I just make up a concentrate mix and use a spray applicator and walk around the house attacking these little blighters!.

It's also a perfect time to weed your garden beds. I do not use any weed sprays on my garden beds, just dig them up with my trusty trowel. Over the spring and summer months you do have to regularly weed the garden other wise the weeds can get out of control, but hey it's a great work out. A good weeding job once a month should be sufficient to manage the weeds.

the food

All plants get very hungry in spring with all their new growth so it's really good time to provide as much food and nutrient to your plants now to prepare them.

In my vege patch I add in my home grown compost mix, it smells really good and the vegetables love it. I also add in sheep pooh pellets as the vegetables plants start to produce. Make sure that you have a good watering system also set up. This year Pete is putting in some water tanks so we can use the rain water off the roof to the vege garden in summer. 

fresh compost on the vege garden

fresh compost on the vege garden

 

My citrus plants get a good dose of fish compost, any organic citrus fertiliser is good and pea straw around the base to keep the moisture in over the drier summer months.

Last winter I planted out a Hydrangea garden, two plants so far and will be adding another one soon. Over the flowering months, the flowers changed colour from blue/white to a pink/red.  I have read that you can actually change the colours of the flowers by changing the ph levels in the soil. My research has identified that I have a more alkaline soil and therefore a high ph level, probably over 7. Therefore I need to add aluminum sulfate to bring down the ph levels, ideally to 5. I could also try adding in coffee grounds and or fruit and vege scraps as this would also help to bring the ph levels down. To fertilise the bed I need to add low phosphorus and high potassium. As we produce a lot of coffee grounds I will give that a go and see if this can help and add in the appropriate fertiliser, fingers crossed

my white flowering hydrangea

my white flowering hydrangea

 

New plants

Early spring is a good time to plant out any new plants that you want in your garden. This year I will be adding another Hydrangea and some Hostas, so I am on the hunt for these in the garden centres.

Other Spring chores

Besides the actual garden, there are a number of spring chores we also do around the outside of the house;

  • Clean the outside windows and walls
  • Wash down patios and outside furniture
  • Spider spray around the external doors and windows

Although it sounds like a lot of work, it is not really, generally with two days of solid work in the weekend you will tick off most of these chores and have your garden and outdoors space all ready for the arrival of spring and summer...so you can sit back and relax and enjoy your beautiful outside space.

Happy Gardening everyone! 

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If you like this post , check out my post this time last year on creating a seasonal vegetable garden. 

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Planning my Potager garden

Pronounced  'Pot-Ah-jay', this french term basically means "Kitchen garden" and was seen in Monastery gardens as far back as the 1500's.  The vegetable beds are essentially laid out in a way that the produce is grown and easily accessible from the kitchen by the cook. In more modern times there are Chefs kitchens still used in large estates and some restaurants. For those keen vegetable gardeners, like myself, it is a way to have a more ornamental vegetable garden, mixing veges, flowers, fruits and herbs.

Reference: Photo by Gil Hanly from the book New Zealand Potager The Ornamental Vegetable Garden, Author Diana Anthony

Reference: Photo by Gil Hanly from the book New Zealand Potager The Ornamental Vegetable Garden, Author Diana Anthony

I was in one of my favourite Hospice shops late last year and came upon a book on Potager gardens, it was all of $3. At the time I was starting to think about what I was going to do with my large vegetable garden. As empty nesters, overproduction in my vegetable garden was becoming a norm and there is only so much you can give away to your neighbours.  It was this book, and that absolutely stunning cover picture,  that sparked my idea of downsizing my vegetable garden into a Potager garden. 

Fast forward 6 months and one major landscaping project nearly finished, I have Pete out in the vege patch measuring up and redesigning the new Potager garden....excited oh yes just a little!! 

So here is what I am thinking, of course with some, as always sensible, reality check suggestions from Pete.

Our Current Garden

At present we have three garden beds. Two are large, one being the original garden bed and one that Pete and Chris rotary hoed up for me about 4 years ago. The third is actually a small raised bed which I just grow lettuce and spinach in.

On the east side of the garden, along the fence line, I have a grapevine and a patch of strawberries.

Our current needs

As newly empty nesters, we are discovering the needs of a two person household are certainly different from a four person household. In terms of the vegetable patch this has seen a big reduction in the amount and type of produce that needs to be grown. 

To help in the layout of the new Potager garden, I thought about what changes I wanted to make to the gardens in terms of production and use, such as the veges, herbs, flowers and fruit.

Peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchinis, sweet peas, beans, corn, spinach, lettuce, spring onions, chillis, asparagus, potatoes, broccoli, bok choy, cabbage were the main vegetables still to be produced.

Additional to the usual vegetables, I want to expand the berry patch. I have already got some blueberries, blackcurrants and raspberries, however I want to increase production.

I also did a lot of research looking on companion planting as I wanted to improve the use of other helpful plants to reduce pest in the garden and introduce more herbs and flowers.  Annabel Langbein, who is awesome, has a great blog on vegetable gardening and provides information on companion planting. There is also some great guides that you can download from various gardening blogs on this topic, such as this one from Tui  

Layout and structure

At this point I thought about the layout of the garden and how I could redesign it in the Potager style. As I am reducing the crop production, I can take space out of the existing beds, which I thought I would turn into paths. 

One of the biggest issues I have currently with the garden beds is that they are on a slope. Apart from a mowing strip there is no frame around the beds to keep the soil in. It's a pain really, especially on the downward slope of the beds. It seemed to perfect opportunity to fix this by making the beds into raised gardens...poor Mr P he was not that impressed when I mentioned that. Ideally I wanted the frames to be made of railway sleepers...but budget brought me back to reality so just the usual timber frames will have to do.

The plan 

The two large beds will be split into four by creating a path through the middle of each of them. The third bed, which is the only raised garden bed I have, will remain. 

So all in all there will be 5 small raised garden beds and it will look like this;

The new beds will be framed up as raised gardens and level...yeah so much easier for my gardening. The paths will be created by removing that section of the garden. The existing dirt will be used to build up the new garden beds, so I will not lose too much good soil. 

Also look to build more permanent wooden structures for the plants, like the A-frame, Teepee and Flat Trellis.

For the paths, we have leftover white stone chip from the east side garden landscaping, so will use that to lay out the paths. 

There you have it folks, the plans for my Potager garden, easy as that !!! well now all we have to do is to make it!

What do you think?  Any suggestions?  I would love to hear from you , leave comments below. 

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How to prepare the seasonal vegetable garden


My very first vegetable garden was as a teenager …a long time ago. I had a little piece of dirt near the bike shed. I recall the poor quality of the dirt and the frustration with my limitations with access to good compost. However I did manage to produce a lot of raddish's and rhubarb. The raddish's were sweet, hot and yummy and the rhubarb got turned into fruit crumble with lots of sugar and cream to dull the tart taste.

Forward several years, actually decades and I'm still at it and still loving getting my fingers in the dirt.

It is spring here in New Zealand and I am just in the middle of getting my spring and summer vegetable garden planned and prepared. I love this time of year, fresh blossom scents in the air, followed by sneezing fits, dam the pollen.

Vege garden

2015/16 Summer Vege Garden

I thought that I would take you through how I prepare for each season. It is very much the same process, just different crops depending on the season.

Planning

It all starts with my notebook, it's my garden bible. In my notebook I write everything down about my garden, what I planted, where I planted, when I planted, quality of the crop, health issues, weather, everything that I experience in the garden for the season. 

I do this for each season. This gives me a really good view of how my garden works and what grows well and where. As I am currently planning for my spring and summer garden I look back at last years spring/summer garden notes as reference.

I decide, based on the success of last years crop, what I am going to plant, noting the variety to buy.

The garden planting plan is the next step. I do rotate my crops so, again checking on where I planted last year is important.

Once I have mapped out the planting plan, I then work out the timing.

Timing? Ok so to work out when you want your crops to be ready you have to work backwards to figure out when to plant. Simple example of that is new potatoes and baby peas for the Christmas dinner. To be able to harvest in time for Christmas day I must have the potatoes in by early September.

If you are not sure of the timeframes just check the information on your seed or plant packs. They normally describe how many weeks to harvest.

Gardening
Gardening

Preparing

This is where you realise that you are not garden fit, but don't worry you will be by the time you have finished. It is just a matter of hard manual labour, digging, turning soil over and composting. You can use your own compost or source some from the local garden centre. Just ensure that it is a good quality one as you don't want any bugs or foreign weeds in your patch. This is where I do a shout out for ZooDoo, yes that local zoo pooh that has been turned into rich organic matter. It's a bit smelly but pretty special.

You must have a lovely rich soil base to grow strong healthy vegetables, so this stage is really important.

Planting

This is my favourite bit, as once planted I sit back and watch my babies grow. 

You may be planting out over a couple of weeks depending on the timing of your harvest.

I do cover my seedlings initially to protect the from the birds. Do be careful not to cover for too long as they need full light to grow well.

I like to plant at the end of the day and water them well in the cool of the early evening.  I think this is the best time to water as it really soaks in.

Always read the planting guide just to ensure that you are planting them out appropriately.

As an example Corn needs to be planted in a square/block as opposed to a row.

Vegetable garden
Vegetable garden

Weed, feed and water

Growing vegetables need a lot of food and water. During the growing season I build up the soil by composting regularly.  

I do try and be as organic as I can be with my feed and compost as I believe it makes yummy vegetables. There are some good organic options that you can source from garden centres. However I do not think you can go past good old worm juice.

Over the years, I have noticed from my notes, that I don't get as much disease and bugs when  I have been consistent with good feed and compost.

And lastly don't forget to water, a lot. In Auckland we are blessed with rain, however even in summer it can get a bit dry so I do water the vegetables. A couple of times a week is good if it is very dry. I always water in the early evening as its the best time for the soil to absorb the moisture.

Vege harvest
Vege harvest

2015/16 first harvest of peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes.

I hope that you enjoyed this post and may be you got something useful from it.

Please let me know if you have any questions or any other aspects of  seasonal gardening that you want to know, such as composting, feeding, or crop varieties.

Enjoy the fruits of your labour!

Hugs and smiles

Tania